Macroscopic changes in vegetative organs of mosses Pleurozium schreberi (Brid.) Mitt. under the influence of traffic pollution
Bioinication provides a number of efforts to determine the changes that have occurred in the environment.
Bioindication method is commonly use in monitoring of industrial and communication pollutions.
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the macro- and microscopic changes, which occurred under the influence of traffic pollution. As bioinicator was used mosses Pleurozium schreberi(Brid.) Mitt.
The research consist in transplantation of turf of gametophytes of Pleurozium schreberi (Brid.) Mitt from clear places to set research points located along motorways and after threemonth exposition and then Pleurozium schreberiafter three-month exposition estimation of the range, type and number of macro- and microscopic changes and after six months examining of the amount of heavy metals in organisms.
It was found that the microscopic changes consist in damage in the middle part of leaf blade, ribs and the base of leaf blade and in damage to leaf blade itself. The highest concentration of zinc, copper and chrome was observed.
It was shown that using Pleurozium schreberiin environmental monitoring with the use of transplantation methods is fully justified. Demonstrated macroscopic changes show sensitivity of bioindicator, and heavy metal concentration shows its accumulative qualities